We are creating the Mediterranean Green Belt, the largest green infrastructure in southern Europe. We have restored several burned and degraded forests along the Spanish coast and in the Balearic Islands. We continue to restore other priority forests from southern Andalusia to the Pyrenees and Mallorca, including the Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean, near Marbella.
We identify priority forest restoration sites in collaboration with the regions and according to the map of forest restoration opportunities established by the World Resource Institute and the ESRI geographic information system.
intercontinental biosphere reserve of the mediterranean
The Intercontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean is the first of its type in the world and is unique in the Mediterranean. The Reserve is protected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
The area north of Marbella, province of Malaga, has suffered an important fire in 2012. Reforestation is needed to recover soil vegetation, the trees destroyed by the fire and to restore animal habitat. We will plant 2.3 million trees to reforest 3,000 hectares—equivalent to 4,200 football fields—with Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis), holm oaks (Quercus ilex) and Spanish fir (Abies pinsapo). Given the steep slopes and difficult access for machinery, the reforestation will be mainly manual.
During reforestation, other actions will be carried out such as the construction of ponds for amphibians, watering points for mammals, installation of nesting boxes for birds and shelters for bats. These actions are of great benefit to the fauna in general.
In addition to the significant ecological impact, the new forest will eliminate 432,000 tons of CO2.
We evaluate the state of the soil, we determine the species to plant, the number of trees per hectare and organise the restauration. The entire process is carried out with the forest services of the regions. Plantations are carried out with locally recruited forestry workers.
Region after region the Mediterranean Green Belt is progressing.
Our goals are:
Restoring deforested, desertified, and burned land
Protecting ecosystems and biodiversity
Improving soil and water resources
Preventing fire and erosion
Promoting sustainable development
Creating green jobs